Journal of European Economic History - 2019 issue 3


Bancaria Editrice
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Can Elites Make a Difference? The Building Up of Prerequisites for Modernisation in Lombardy and Venetia (1814-66)
The long-term socio-economic divergence between Venetia and Lombardy after the Restoration period (1814-66) is generally attributed to their Habsburg rulers, but alternative explanations are also possible. Drawing inspiration from Macry’s idea of 19th-century transformations revolving around elites, in analysing primary sources from Italian archives we reveal the existence of two very different privileged groups in Lombardy and Venetia. Albeit within the same framework of Habsburg rule, the two elites encouraged technical culture and change in quite distinct ways. Section 1 introduces the centrality of elites within the Lombard-Venetian Kingdom, transcending the negative bias against Venetia. Sections 2 and 3 provide practical examples of the divergence between the Lombard and Venetian elites concerning the main economic activities of the time, namely agriculture and the silk industry. Sections 4-6 offer possible explanations for the existence of two types of elite within the same Kingdom. Section 7 concludes.
Agricultural Cooperative Credit in Bulgaria and Serbia from the Ottoman Period to WWI: Institutional and Comparative History
This article offers a historical overview of the development of agricultural cooperative credit in the Bulgarian and Serbian lands from the Ottoman era to World War I. Essentially, we present an institutional and comparative analysis of the genesis, transformation and forms of agricultural cooperative credit over the long term, its driving forces and mechanisms.
Steel for Development: Pasquale Saraceno and the Fourth Taranto Steelworks
This essay covers the founding of Italy’s fourth steel-making center, in the city of Taranto, from the perspective of Pasquale Saraceno, an economist and head of the Institute for Industrial Reconstruction (IRI). The Taranto steel-works were built during a period of growing European integration, following lengthy discussions and considerable contention both within IRI and between IRI technocrats, politicians and the Government. The debate unfolded during the transition of the Christian Democratic Party toward a center-left alliance, at a time when Catholic leaders who favored increased state intervention in the economy were gaining power. As the Government created the necessary tools to regulate and run the productive economy, the steel industry became functional to more vigorous extraordinary intervention in the South of Italy. Following Aldo Moro’s rise to head the Christian Democrats, the Government adopted Saraceno’s method: planning became the key to achieving Italy’s economic unification through the identification of basic sectors, with public enterprises as fundamental engines of development. The Taranto plant, opened in 1964, became the symbol of an entire political era marked by economic planning and the dream of broadening the base of Italian democracy.
In Search of Monetary Peace
Beyond the Manorial Economy: Peasant Labour and Mobility in Carolingian and Post-Carolingian Europe
Beyond the Manorial Economy: An Introduction to the Seminar
Peasants' Landholdings and Movement in the Frankish East (8th-9th Centuries)
Preserving Stability in a Changing World: Free and Unfree Labour, Peasant Mobility and Agency on Manorial Estates Between the Loire and the Rhine
Observations about Climate, Farming, and Peasant Societies in Carolingian Europe
Growth and Peasant Labour in the 10th-13th Centuries. Between Constraint, Consent and Economic Mechanisms
Marina Formica
Roma, Romae. Una capitale in Età moderna
Laterza, Rome-Bari 2019, pp. I-IX- 243

Antonio Magliulo
Gli economisti e la costruzione dell’Europa
Apes Edizioni, Rome, 2019

Şevket Pamuk
Uneven Centuries. Economic Development of Turkey since 1820
Princeton University Press, Princeton-Oxford 2018, pp. 352

Isaia Sales, Simona Melorio
Storia dell’Italia corrotta
Rubbettino, Soveria Mannelli, 2019, pp. 320

Giovanna Motta
La Moda si fa Storia. Borghesi, rivoluzionari, ruoli e identità nazionali
Edizioni Nuova Cultura, Rome, 2017, pp. 204